First there was a draft. Then feedback. Then revisions.
Like Tiger Woods’s return to competitive form, updating the Rules of Golf has been a process.
But that process is now complete.
Having listened to input from golfers around the world, the game’s governing bodies Monday unveiled a final version of golf’s new rules, set to go into effect on Jan. 1, 2019.
Among other changes, they include fresh directives for how to take a drop, and an alternate solution for dealing with a lost ball or a ball knocked out of bounds. Clearer and more concise, the new rules are also kinder and gentler, with penalties softened in the name of pace of play and common sense.
While the majority of the proposed rules remain unaltered in the final version, there are several notable changes.
Take the dropping procedure. Last year’s proposal suggested that players be allowed to drop from as low as two inches off the ground, down from shoulder-height. Bad idea, the public said. Sure, a lower drop would help keep play moving by reducing the chance of a ball bounding out of the relief area and forcing a player to drop again. But two inches was too low. It was practically like placing the ball. If you were standing across the fairway from your playing partner, how could you be sure that they were dropping at all?
The guidelines for measuring a relief area have also changed. Under the new rules, golfers will be allowed either one club-length or two-club lengths, depending on the situation (if you’re taking relief from a cart path, for instance, you’ll get one club length; if you’re dropping from a lateral hazard, you’ll get two). Last year’s proposed revisions suggested a 20-inch or 80-inch standard.
One of the underlying principles of the new rules is that golfers should not be penalized for unintentional acts that result in no benefit to them. To that end, the penalty for a double-hit (known to some fans as a “T.C. Chen,” in honor of the golfer whose chances at the 1985 U.S. Open came undone when he struck his ball twice with a single swing) has been eliminated, which was not the case under last year’s proposed revisions. Golfers will simply count the additional stroke they made while striking the ball.
“They really mirror each other in the thinking behind them,” Pagel said. “Say a ball bounces off a bunker face and comes back and hits you in the chest, it’s accidental. And it’s certainly not to your benefit.”
Another of the notable changes will resonate with any golfer who ever suffered the double-edged indignity of losing a ball and then having to walk back to hit the shot again. The new guidelines include a local rule giving committees leeway to do away with the stroke-plus-distance penalty. That would give golfers the simpler, less time-consuming option of dropping in the vicinity of where their ball went out-of-bounds or missing, under a two-stroke penalty. This rule won’t apply to professional tournaments or other elite-level competitions. It’s meant to keep things moving in everyday club and recreational play.
“The concern we kept hearing was, ‘I can’t go back because the golf course is already log-jammed and my going back is bad for pace of play,'” Pagel said. “This local rule essentially replicates what would have been a decent shot with stroke and distance while keeping the player moving forward, which as we know is critically important.”
“From all levels of the game, what we heard was that if you let people repair damage, they’ll either take forever to do it, or essentially build a trough between their ball and the hole,” Pagel said. “But if those are valid concerns, there are already rules in place to address them. If a player takes two minutes to clean up the line, then the pace of play rule takes effect. If the player improves more than what is reasonable, there is already a rule that says you can’t improve your line of play.”
All of these revisions will now go into a rulebook that incorporates a host of other proposals put forth last year, which include a range of relaxed rules on greens, bunkers and penalty areas as well as the elimination or reduction of penalties for accidentally moving a ball.
It’s a lot to digest. But with all the i’s dotted and t’s crossed, the governing bodies will now get busy getting the word out to golfers around the world.
Already, 30 “how-to-apply” videos and a summary of the principal changes are now available at usage.org/rules. Additional education tools will be released in September, in plenty of time for us all to get ready for Jan. 1.